The Regional Natural Reserve Directed of the Zingaro extends him, for around 1.650 hectares, in the Western part of the Gulf of Castellammare, in the peninsula of San Vito Lo Capo that leans out on the Tirreno between Castellammare of the Gulf and Trapani. The territory reverts for big part in the municipality of San Vito lo Capo and in smaller measure in the municipality of Castellammare (TP).
The Zingaro interests a coast band of around 7 Km, formed by a rocky coast of limestones of the Mesozoic, intercalated from numerous hold and characterized by leaning cliffs that from a maximum height of 913 ms (Mountain Speziale) they quickly bring to the sea.
The constituent grounds the reserve I am the result of the to weave of the human activity and of the evolution of the nature; in fact, up to a little while ago every surface, if also small, it was cultivated to agricultural purpose. Notable they are the phenomena karsticesi with formation of plateau sommitali and sinkhole where the erosion favors the accumulation of red earth to place in the middle diffused lituosoli and rocks appearing on the surface in plates and spikes. The Zingaro enchants for her sour beauty for the intense colors in every season, for the white holdes that lean out on the turquoise sea, the dwarf palms, the rich Mediterranean stain, the tenacious olive and the imposing locusts from where the harmonious forms of the country houses are glimpse.
The coast profile is an alternation of tall walls of rock that you softly sink in the blue one and of degrading inlets toward the sea. The holdes ciottoloses are as hollow clearer niches on the side of the walls Dolomites.The underwater landscape is a continuous to follow him of colors and forms. Numerous and interesting they are the burrows and the submerged caves. The most known are: the cave of the Colombaccio in proximity of the limit of east with situated entry to 2 mt. around that it widens in an ample room 30 mt. Cave of the Corvina one in proximity of point Craperia, cave of the Craperia, cave of the Mustia, cave of the Ficarella. Very rich the fauna that enumerates the eagle of the Bonelli and the Coturnice of Sicily.